Coffee is a plant belonging to the family Rubiaceae, and native to areas like Africa and Asia. It always demands moist acidic soil, along with an appropriate temperature for its growth. These plants grow almost 15ft long, but their height is managed according to farmer ease so the harvesting process would be quickly done.
It is an almost 100 years old plant and more than 120 species is discovered now. It blooms in the spring season and shows white color flowers and cherries. These cherries hold beans inside them that are ultimately called “Coffee beans”. Plants take almost three to five years for complete maturation, their total life span is about 40 years but you can make it longer up to 70 years by proving good care.
Table of Contents
Different Species of Coffee
These are some of the species of coffee but if you count all of them then there are at least 124 species of coffee plants, and all of them are different in characteristics from each other.
Do You Know: Saponin (chemical toxin) is present in the bark of the coffee plant, this chemical resist the growth of pest on the plant but it is also toxic for humans and animals, so avoid directly taking those foods that contain Saponin.
Types of Coffee Beans
There are four coffee beans that are very famous among people due to their sweet and intense taste.
Arabica Coffee Beans
Arabica coffee plant requires great care as it is readily influenced by environmental factors and diseases. These oval-shaped beans account for 60 percent of all coffee beans and are most abundant in Brazil. It has a smooth vibrant flavor with little bitterness. These are the most preferred beans used at restaurants because of their high quality so that’s why it is expensive.
Note: Depending on the growing land, the taste of Arabica can vary from the same beans growing in different locations.
Arabica coffee beans have a good variety of beans including Typica, Bourbon, Catuai, Blue Mountain, Caturra, and Pacamara coffee beans,
Robusta Coffee Beans
These are Small circular size beans with less pronounced centers that have a strong and bitter flavor. Commonly grown in Africa and Indonesia, also does not get affected by environmental factors and can grow in various conditions.
Due to its “easy-to-grow” and easy to “harvest” properties, it is less expensive. They have higher caffeine content comparable to Arabica for this reason extensively used in instant coffees and espresso shots. It has less acidity and also a low level of saponin in its bark comparable to Arabica.
Do You Know: Robusta has almost 2.7% caffeine which is high to keep the plant protected against pests, also it is a bit higher than Arabica which contains 1.5%.
Liberica Coffee Beans
It was discovered in Liberia and from that scenario, its name is meant to be Liberica. These are larger terapod shape beans and account for 3 percent of all coffee beans globally present. Its taste is somehow smoky but more sweetened than the Arabica beans.
It contains little caffeine content even less than Arabica, and a strong floral aroma. This plant requires a specific climate for its growth and produces very little yield that’s why it is expensive. These beans are not present worldwide especially west but you can easily have this in the Philippines because it is actually the supply center of these beans.
Note: These are the only beans that have irregular shapes among all others.
Excelsa Coffee Beans
It is mainly cultivated in Southeast Asia and accounts for 7% of all coffee beans. It is also known as a variant of the liberica plant but still, it has some distinct points that make it different from Liberica. It has almond shape beans and a roasted fruity taste and is used in blends for an extra boost of flavor.
Is There Any Decaf Coffee Bean Available In the Market?
No, it’s not possible to find out a bean that contains 0mg caffeine, all beans contain caffeine contain some have high some have lower but no one is decaf among all. If you are sensitive about your caffeine intake then go for the drinks that are creme based instead of coffee based because it’s the only solution to have a decaf drink.
Coffee Beans are Widely at Restaurants
Most commonly Arabica coffee beans are widely used because their taste is amazed by people but the other three beans are also commonly used because all of these four are unique in their taste. Different people demand different flavors, so restaurants use coffee beans according to the desired flavor of the customers, and most of the customers choose Arabica and robusta.
Benefits Of Coffee Intake
There are a lot of benefits directly associated with coffee using some of which are enlisted below:
- Decrease the chance of different sorts of diseases like diabetes type 2, heart failure, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s disease.
- Improve the health of the liver and avoid the risk of cirrhosis and hepatitis.
- A lot o antioxidants present in the beans (vary in different beans) protect the body against several damages.
- Improve the body’s immune system to fight against different infections.
- These beans also play an important role to improve cognitive skills.
- Coffee’s regular use can also minimize obesity by melting the excess fat.
- Coffee also makes bowel movement ease.
- Make your brain health good and minimize the chance of depression.
- Boost up your metabolism and make digestion super fast.
Note: Excess of everything is terrible so despite all the above benefits its excessive use can lead to worse results so try to take a cup regularly.
How to Make Coffee?
- Quality beans (as we know superior beans lead to super flavor).
- Bean Grinder
- An appropriate amount of ground coffee.
- Filter Paper
- Water (Preferred filter one)
- Good coffee makes or brewing machine.
- Adjust the tank in the coffee machine.
- Grind the coffee beans to medium size.
- Pour the medium-sized grounded beans on filter paper.
- Boil the water.
Suggestion: Make sure to warm the water to an extra limit as compared to your desired temperature, because water readily cools down, or also the addition of dairy causes the fall of temperature.
- Brew the coffee (pouring water on grounded beans), the water drains out slowly in the cup.
After brewing the whole job is done and your coffee is ready. It’s a basic procedure and can be done by using any sort of coffee machine, moreover different coffee have different recipes.
Pro Tip: Try to check on your brewing time of coffee because both the long and short period of brewing leads to a bad or bitter flavor that ruins the whole coffee.
Can You Use Coffee Beans in a Coffee Maker?
You can make your cup of coffee with whole beans its not compulsory to grind the beans, well ground beans have good taste as whole beans you can do this by following below mentioned procedures.
French Press Method (Invented in 1929)
- First, take a french press to rinse it with hot water, and later on, discard that water this step eases the brewing process.
- Add whole coffee beans in it now add water, and stir it with a wooden spoon or spatula.
- Add some more water and your coffee is ready.
French press is, in other words, means of a strong coffee maker as it contains all the caffeine content still in it after brewing, so if you want a strong coffee option then go for french press coffee.
Use the Drip Coffee Maker
- The filter basket is under the brewed head in every drip machine.
- Adjust the filter paper in the filter basket.
- Place the whole beans on the filter paper and lock the machine head.
- Switch on the button as the drip coffee machine is auto its brewing cycle is Start.
- Hot waterfalls on whole beans and drips into the cup, and your strong brewed coffee is ready now with whole beans.
Note: The amount of caffeine is greatly different in the ground and whole beans, as its level is greater in whole beans so use them in less quantity.
Best Coffee Makers
There are many methods for brewing coffee and a lot of coffee machines are also available in the market. So the problem is the identification of the best coffee maker, these are the qualities that distinguish between good and bad. The below-listed figures help you to find the right one for you.
- Filter Operating Process
- Easy to manage or use.
- Speed Adjustment option.
- Required temperature setting.
- Good bean grinder
- Brewing Capacity.
Important to Know: Focus on the bean grinder while making the choice of the coffee maker, because grinding is the most important part of coffee making, as both the extra and less grinding leads to a bitter or flat taste respectively.
Precision Brewer Machine
It is a fully customized machine having 12 cups of coffee brewing capacity in a short time. It is available in two different styles.
- Cone Shape Basket
- Flat basket.
In both styles the water reservoir is marked, that access you in pouring water in the exact amounts. Temperature is highly adjustable.
Note: It has a thermal carafe that keeps the coffee super warm for a long time but this carafe requires regular washing.
Kalita Wave Dipper Machine
It is quite simple to use and very affordable to buy. It has a manual operating system so you have to adjust all thing according to your own will.
Note: As it is manual, so the flavor adjustment is a little complex but the taste after the whole procedure is fabulous.
OXO Brew Stainless Coffee Maker
This machine has a digital display along with 9 cups of coffee capacity. Brew time can be adjusted according to the given command, the temperature is about 99 degrees Celsius.
Note: If you don’t have a larger surface that this won’t be a good option for you as its size is a little bigger about 15 inches tall.
How Many Amps Use a Coffee Maker?
As all RV appliances use different amps for their normal performance same as different coffee makers have different amp usage. You can easily check them because they are mentioned either on the bottom or back of the coffee maker.
|Delonghi Magnifica ESAM4200
|Jura XS90 one-touch Espresso Machine
|Breville BES870XL Barista Express
|Gevi Coffee Maker
|MR Coffee Maker
|Drip Coffee Machine
|4.5 – 10 A
|Thermal Coffee Maker
|Ninja Coffee Maker
|Ninja Coffee Bar CF091
|Ninja Coffee Brewer CE251
|Bunn Coffee Maker
|6.8 – 7.0 A
The Amp also varies from the cup numbers like usage of the amp would lie between
- 1-1.5 in case of 1 cup
- 2.5-5 amp in case of 2 cups
- 5-8 am in 5 5 cups brewing
Same as Keurig has different Amps that vary with the number of cups being brewed so if you want to know which one of the Keurig machines you have you can read our complete guide about it.
Suggestion: The range of Amps continuously increases by the number of cups, prefer a coffee maker that uses fewer amps for brewing maximum coffee in this way you can save your electricity cost.
How To Make Coffee Without a Coffee Maker?
If you don’t have a coffee maker/ pot or your power is out, don’t bother about it, you still make a fabulous cup of coffee by using the usual home tools.
- Boil water (use a saucepan, boiler, or electric cattle).
- Grounded beans of coffee (medium size)
- Measuring Cup
Suggestion: It’s obvious if you don’t have a machine means you have to buy grounded beans from stores, try to buy those which are recently roasted, you can confirm the date on the label manufacturing date on the jar or packet.
The Use of a Saucepan
- Take an appropriate amount of coffee and add this to the saucepan with the balance ratio of water.
- Turn on the stove.
- Let the water boil and reach a temperature of up to 200 Fahrenheit.
- After the water gets boiled, keep it on the stove for at least 2 minutes.’
- After 4-5 minutes pour the coffee into the cup through the stirrer. You can also use filter paper instead.
Suggestion: Make sure the pouring either through a stirrer or filter paper should keep slow otherwise it definitely affects the flavor.
You can also make traditional coffee (also called Turkish coffee) in a saucepan just follow the same above-mentioned procedure till the coffee is not boiled. Once it gets starts boiling take it off and skimmed it. Place the foam in the cup, reheat the coffee, and pour it slowly into the cup until your strong-brew coffee is ready.
Pro Tip: Simply fold the grounded coffee beans in the filter paper and tie it, this is the best tea bag for you simply boil the water and add this teabag to the boiled water and your coffee is ready.
Alternate Method With Dairy
- Take a measured value of milk in a kettle or saucepan.
- Boil the milk.
- Take the appropriate amount of ground coffee in the cup, add little sugar and warm water, and start to stir it with the help of a spoon till a full thick mixture is prepared.
- Add the boiled milk to the cup very fast, the coffee is ready now with a great value of foam.
- You can also add some cream or whipped cream to have a great taste.
- Accessorize it with chocolate syrups, sprinkles, or any toppings to make it tastier.
Pro Tip: Try to add a little amount of salt while you are making your coffee without a maker this salt avoids the bitterness of coffee.
How to Make a Single Cup of Coffee?
- Taking one cup of water means measuring up to 8 ounces.
- Take 2 teaspoons of medium grounded coffee.
- Put the ground coffee on filter paper.
- Adjust the brewing head and lock the machine lid.
- Switch on the machine.
- The hot water starts to pour slowly on the ground beans and fall into the cup and your coffee is ready to serve you.
How to Make Coffee in a Percolator?
Percolator is a kettle that has separate spaces like a basket for ground beans and a reservoir for water, it is very famous in United State.
- Add water to the reservoir, and the appropriate amount of coffee in the basket having filter-paper.
- Now keep the percolator on the stove at medium flame once the water is near boil low the flame immediately.
- Keep it on the stove at low flame at least for 6 to 7 minutes.
- Now remove the kettle from the stove also remove the basket, pour the coffee into the cup, and enjoy it.
Note: Make sure to avoid bubble formation in the percolator due to overheating as boiling of water along coffee inside the percolator leads to a bitter taste.
There are different types of famous percolator machines available in the market like:
- Presto Stainless Coffee Percolator: It has a 2-12 cups capacity, a traditional design, and durable stainless steel, and through this, you can have extraordinary coffee at any time.
- Farbware Stainless Steel Coffee Percolator: It has 12 cups capacity, a permanent basket filter, a great taste producer, and also has a knob to help you to have check on bubble formation.
- Bialetti Moka Express: It has 3 ounces capacity and is mainly manufactured in Italy and can operate on both gas and stove.
Cleaning of Percolator
Cleaning of the basket and reservoir of water is necessary otherwise the leftover after brewing will strictly stick to the walls or the basket and leads to a bitter taste. Simply clean it with soapy water carefully but in the case of Bialetti Moka express avoid soap, detergent, and also the dishwasher as it will not safe to use for this otherwise the next brewer is highly bad in taste instead simply use normal water.
How to Make Coffee Jelly?
It is a desert with a lot of coffee, popular in all countries of the world. The soft, jelly-like texture makes it more beloved among people. This is super healthy because its ingredients like gelatin have collagen fiber making our skin and hair healthy and strong. Its per serving contains 43 calories, 9g carbs, and 2g protein.
- Gelatin powder
- Measuring Cup
- Whisker (for beating purposes)
- Take sugar and water in a measured quantity and also add coffee beans powder (preferred black coffee) put them all on a stove and mix it on a low point for five minutes with continuous stirring.
- Take it off and add gelatin powder and start to mix it to make a fine mixture set it in a plane tray or a bowl and keep it in the refrigerator.
- Make sure it will remain in the fridge for at least seven hours.
- Take it out and cut it into fine small pieces.
Suggestion: You can have these soft pieces of coffee jelly along the addition of whipped creams or in cold coffee or as a dessert alongside hot coffee.
How Much Coffee is Required for Different Cups of Water?
Water is the main component of coffee as it accounts for 98% of it, so measuring the correct ratio of coffee is necessary according to the water. We can measure the quantity of coffee in teaspoons, grams, or scoops. But we have to do accurate measurements because a large or less amount of coffee will lead to a bitter or flat taste respectively.
|Number Of Cups
|Coffee In Teaspoons